Analyze four different types of business culture and the sorts of business environment to which they are best suited.
Analyzed the different levels of culture & list the four categories of culture and describe what kind of environments each fits best in.
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Management theorists identify various different types of corporate cultures as shorthands for descriptions of ways companies operate. While some popular business books try to simplify these into very broad categories (e.g. type X, Y, and Z management styles), most serious scholars emphasize that any real world corporation involves a mixture of several types of cultural norms, and often different subcultures in different departments. For example, in a large software firm, there may be a technocratic culture in IT and a more personal culture in HR.
Four types are:
Process oriented culture: Often found in large government bureaucracies, these emphasize following standard procedure. Although this would be a disaster for a small start up, it is really important that immigration and tax authorities treat all citizens identically and do not take short cuts or do favours for friends. Human resource departments also should follow strict standard procedures to avoid discrimination.
Results oriented: Concerned with getting to the bottom line, whatever the method. This is often true in small start-ups and creative firms.
Parochial cultures: Strongly identified with and loyal to the company rather than a profession. This is found in many Japanese firms that offer lifetime employment.
Professional cultures: Strongly identified with individual professional identity and affiliated with other members of a profession. Often this is typical of fields with extensive training and credentialing requirements. A neurosurgeon, particle physicist, or papyrologist identifies with a subspecialty more than a current employer.
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