What factors led to the Allied victory in World War I?
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WWI was won by the Allies mainly by the fact that the US, with its huge population and industrial capacity, entered the war.
Up until the US entered the war, the war had been a real stalemate. The Western Front, where most of the important fighting was going on, had not moved any significant distance in years. This showed that the Allies and the Germans were essentially deadlocked.
When the US entered the war, this all changed. The US had the potential to send millions of men and huge amounts of materiel into the war. This convinced Germany that it could not win.
The US entered the war due to its economic and political/social ties to England. The US conducted huge amounts of trade with the British and had deep historical ties to Britain. This, combined with the German submarine warfare, brought the US into the war.
So, the Allies won because they were able to get the US on their side. The economic and political/social ties between the US and Britain (and to some degree France) brought the US into the war, changing the strategic balance.
The main factor that decided the outcome of World War I in favor of the Allied powers was the entry of the United States in support of the Allies. Until that point, the war was a stalemate and not much progress was being made by either side—the Allies or the Axis powers.
In order to protect its economic assets and global influence, the US entered the war (although very late). Until that time, the war had dragged on for years and all the combatants were tired and without much hope, having lost so many colleagues, family members—and not to mention the fact that a number of these countries had lost a large fraction of their youth. US forces, on the other hand, were fresh, young and had good equipment. The large supply of soldiers that the US could commit and its economic and industrial prowess simply meant that the Axis powers had no chance to withstand US involvement. This more than anything led to Allied powers' victory in WWI.
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