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Analyze Ben Franklin’s deductive and inductive reasoning strategies in his text...

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carsonpearson | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Honors

Posted January 22, 2013 at 8:10 PM via web

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Analyze Ben Franklin’s deductive and inductive reasoning strategies in his text “Dialogue Between Franklin and the Gout.”

Discuss the effectiveness of his reasoning strategies, and include examples from the text.


Deductive reasoning
•argues from the general to the specific
•If something is true for a whole class of things, it must be true for the members of the class.

Syllogism (subset of deductive reasoning)
•Major premise: Every X has characteristic Y.  
•Minor premise: This thing is X.  
•Conclusion: Therefore, this thing has Y.  

Inductive reasoning
•argues from the specific to the more general  
•conclusion based on a set of observations

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