Homework Help

In Act III, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's Hamlet, why does Hamlet not kill Claudius?

user profile pic

pedrom | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 3) eNoter

Posted November 1, 2012 at 2:00 AM via web

dislike 1 like

In Act III, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's Hamlet, why does Hamlet not kill Claudius?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted November 1, 2012 at 2:16 AM (Answer #1)

dislike 2 like

In Act III, Scene 3, Hamlet has quietly made his way to the door outside Claudius's chamber. He watches as the king kneels to pray, and recognizes that this would in a way be an ideal time to kill him and be done with it. He decides not to do so, though, out of the possibility that, if caught in prayer, the king might go to heaven, which would defeat the purpose of trying to avenge his father's death in the first place. Instead, he says, he will try to catch the king 

When he is drunk asleep; or in his rage; 
Or in the incestuous pleasure of his bed; 
At game, a-swearing, or about some act 
That has no relish of salvation in't...

This will guarantee that Claudius will not make it to heaven, and that his soul will be as "damn'd and black as hell, whereto it goes." Only in this way will his father's murder truly be avenged. Hamlet does not just want to destroy the king's body but his soul as well.

 

Sources:

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes