In Act IV of The Crucible, why won't Danforth pardon the prisoners?
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At this point, even Danforth understands that the whole witchcraft hysteria was probably a hoax, and that he and the Puritan court had sent innocent people to their deaths. By Act IV he is trying to save face by urging them to confess so he can let them off the hook. But Proctor and the others aren't interested in lying to save the church's credibility or pride. This is frustrating to Danforth, and he feels like he has to follow through on the hangings then, or he would be essentially confessing his awareness of the hoax. He is truly in a no win situation by this point.
Danforth is not trying to convince the condemned people to confess using witchcraft so he can "let them off the hook", he is specifically wanting John Proctor to confess because the true meaning of John's arrest and hanging is because he committed contempt of court and undermined/questioned Danforth's authority. This entire Salem witch trial is a game for Danforth, who is trying to assert and impress his theocratic power of the people. Danforth knew all along that Abigail and the other girls were pretending but the arrests and hangings he sentenced for the population was to prove his authority. The people who confessed to witchcraft, in his eyes, bought into and respected his power and the people who refused to confess are still fighting it.
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