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A child with a mass of 39 kg stands at rest on ice skates. She catches a 1.0 kg ball moving horizontally at 9.5 m/s.
Let the speed of the child after the ball has been caught be s. The law of conservation of momentum states that the total momentum in the system is a constant. The total momentum initially is equal to the total final momentum.
Initially the total momentum of the ball and the girl is 1*9.5 + 39*0 = 9.5. The total final momentum is (39+1)*s
This gives 40s = 9.5
=> s = 9.5/40 = 0.2375 m/s
The speed of the girl after the she catches the ball is 0.2375 m/s.
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