1984 presents Orwell's definition of dystopia as a warning to us. What specifically is Orwell warning us against and how does he achieve this?
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1984 presents Orwell's vision of a dystopia and warns us of the dangers of totalitarianism, oppressive governments, propaganda, and thought control. His dystopia had an oppressive, tyrranical government who sought to squish individual thought, choice, and action. Through the Ministry of Love, Ministry of War, and the Ministry of Truth, Big Brother is able to make the inhabitants of 1984 conform to his wishes.
Specifically he is warning us to be aware of the potential for a civilization becoming like Oceania's. 1984 is a lesson in control. Society, the mind, the individual, constant war, marriage--they are all controlled. There is no freedom in 1984, everything is for the good and advancement of the party. If we do not take risks, stand up for the good of society and for the individual's rights than we might experience a sort of 1984. This is what Orwell had in mind when writing the dystopic novel. He wanted to demonstrate just how bad things could get if we let it. He succeeds in this task considerably. He has journey along with Winston Smith as he subjected to espionage, mind control, O'Brien and the ministry of love.
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