Is 1984 pro or con for socialism?
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I would argue that 1984 is against socialism but mostly because of its anti-utopian bent which clearly has some implications for any kind of ideal socialist society in which people are willing to make sacrifices for the good of the populace.
Orwell was clearly afraid of the influence of the communist bloc but also some of the more socialist tendencies of other governments. The way that the party works in 1984 to bring down any sort of zeal for individual benefit or advancement and the very clear anti-capitalism drive of the party suggests that Orwell was at least in part more positive about capitalism than socialism.
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