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Sir Henry Wotton And Character of Happy life
Henry wotton (1568-1639) was born in Kent and was the son of a country gentle man.He was educated at Winchester School and Oxford ,where he went first to New College and then to Queen's College.He was a confidential agent and correspondent of the Earl of Essex,an eminent figure at the court of Queen Elizabeth. On his return to England ,he was made one of Essex's secretaries and in 1594 he went to the Middle Temple to study law.Early in 1601 ,he fled from England on the failure of the revolt of Essex.In 1602 ,he made a romantic excursion under the false name,from Italy to Scotland where he was brought to the Scottish king,James VI,a report from Tuscany that there was a conspiracy to assassinate him.When JamesVI of Scotland succeeded to the English throne as James I of England,he showed his gratitude by knighting him immediately.Sir Henry Wotton served James as an ambassador for next twenty years at Venice.He defined an ambassador as 'an honest man sent to lie abroad for the good of his country.' He led an important mission in 1602,to the court of Empror Ferdinand at Vienna to conduct negotation on behalf of Jame's daughter ,the Queen of Bohemia.Such experience favoured him to compose his loveliest poem "On His Mistress,the Queen of Bohemia".After retiring from foreign service , he was installed as provost of Eton College. King James never forgot his loyalty to himself and his daughter and gave him a generous pension in 1627 which was more than doubled three years later. The last fifteen years of Wotton's life formed a tranquil close to his eventful career,that of a truly distinguished diplomat,scholar and poet.