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QAR Questions for Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Chapters XIX, XX
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QAR QUESTIONS FOR Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley Chapters XIX, XX
IN YOUR HEAD
- What are Henry’s career plans? Henry wants to go to India to help promote European colonization.
- Henry and Victor receive an invitation to next visit what country? Henry and Victor are invited by an acquaintance to visit Scotland.
- When they reach Scotland, what does Victor tell Henry concerning their travel arrangements? Victor announces to Henry that he wants to visit Scotland alone.
- How does Henry respond to Victor’s new travel plans? Henry resents being left alone among strangers in Scotland.
- Where does Victor go to finally work on the new creature? Victor goes to a small, sparsely inhabited Orkney island.
- How long has it been since the first creature was made? Three years have passed.
- Whom does Victor see spying on him? Victor sees the creature looking at him through the window of the cottage on the island.
- What is Victor’s reaction to being discovered? When he sees the creature, Victor tears up the female he was making.
- What threat, or promise, does the creature make to Victor? The creature promises that he will be with Victor on his wedding night.
- What task must Victor perform before he can return to Henry? Victor must dispose of the body parts of the female creature, which he has now refused to make.
THINK AND SEARCH
- Compare Victor’s and Henry’s initial reaction to their stay in London. Henry is overjoyed at being able to visit with noted philosophers and scholars. Victor cannot enjoy it because he knows the only reason he is there is to gather information to build a female creature.
- Describe the situation in which Victor finally begins to make a mate for the creature. Having collected some materials during his stay in England, Victor goes alone to one of the tiny Orkney Islands, off the coast of Scotland. It is barely inhabited, so Victor is left in peace, but still has difficulty mustering the heart to work consistently on the task.
- How are the roles of Victor and the creature now reversed? Victor may have created the creature, but now he must obey the creature or suffer the consequences. The creature is the master and Victor is the slave.
- Even though Victor despairs of life, why does he resolve to fight for it if the creature attacks? To Victor, the thought of Elizabeth’s grief spurs him on to resolve self-defense. He may not survive, but he now will at least fight, since he realizes it is more than just his own life at stake.
- What kind of reception does Victor receive when he lands in Ireland after the storm? Victor is treated in a cold, unwelcoming manner. The reason is clear when he is arrested for the murder of a gentleman.
IN YOUR HEAD
- How does Shelley show that, even though Victor does not view the creatures as human, he does recognize that they have free choice? Victor realizes that there is not guarantee that the female he is making will not be more malignant than the first creature. He also realizes that she may reject the creature, leaving him even more vindictive than before.
- What shows that Shelley may not have a complete understanding of genetics, especially when it comes to the creatures? Shelley has Victor speculate about the creatures’ reproducing a whole race of monsters. This shows a lack of awareness at that time with heredity, that the characteristics passed on to the next generation would be those of the “donors” of the body parts, not the creatures themselves. Their “monsterness” is not programmed into their DNA. However, she may be showing a concern for the role of environment in their upbringing. The evil of the creatures may be taught to the offspring, rather than merely passed on genetically.
- In what ways does the story turn a corner at this point concerning the character of Victor Frankenstein? With the reappearance of the creature, Victor finally begins to show some backbone. He destroys the female, standing up to the creature by refusing to accede to his demands. When threatened by the creature of being with Victor on his wedding night, Victor refuses to back down and vows to put up a struggle should it come to an attack.
ON YOUR OWN
- When is it wiser to compromise, and when should a strong defensive stand be given? What justifications are there for either? What conditions are necessary for a fight to the end be the only choice? Discuss this topic, using general examples and personal experiences. Student responses will vary.
About this Document
Using the QAR (Question-Answer-Relationship) method of questioning, readers will access all levels of thinking and critical analysis to comprehend and analyze Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein" (Chapters XIX, XX). Beginning with lower level factual questioning, readers will gradually move up into higher levels of thinking. Short answer, paragraph-writing, and essay-writing are used to complete these questions.