Excerpt From this Document
- What bad news did the letter from Victor’s father relate? William, Victor’s youngest brother, had been murdered.
- Why did Elizabeth feel responsible for William’s death? She had let William play with a valuable miniature, which she felt the murderer had killed William for in order to steal it.
- How long has it now been since Victor was home? Six years
- What does Victor see when he visits the scene of William’s murder? He sees the creature.
- Who was accused of William’s murder? Justine, the Frankensteins’ servant
- What was the evidence against Justine? The miniature that Elizabeth had lent William was found among Justine’s belongings.
- Whom does Victor believe murdered William? The creature
- Why doesn’t Victor confess to his responsibility in the murder? He knows that they would only discount him as a madman.
- How does Justine explain the miniature being found in her possession? She has no explanation, other than the conjecture that the murderer had planted it on her.
- Why did Justine confess since she knew herself to be innocent? She was bullied into it by the prison priest, who threatened her with withholding final absolution.
THINK AND SEARCH
- Why is Victor convinced that the creature is responsible for William’s murder? Victor saw him near the scene of the crime (though it had been several days since the murder). Also, only someone who was less than human could have committed such a crime.
- Why does Victor stay two days at Lausanne on his journey home to Geneva? He felt an unreasonable fear that seemed to freeze him in place. However, the peaceful scenes around him calmed him so that he could continue.
- What does Ernest tell Victor concerning changes in the family since William’s death? His father is sinking, and Elizabeth is overwhelmed with grief. This is due, not just to William’s murder, but also to Justine’s arrest.
- Why is Victor convinced that Justine will be acquitted? Victor knows the creature is responsible, and he cannot imagine anyone else being capable of such a crime. Plus, he knows Justine’s character and her reputation, and he fells that this is evident to the community that is now responsible for prosecuting her.
- What evidence does Justine present that implies her innocence? She had been staying with an aunt at the time. On her return she learned that William was missing. She went in search of him, but was shut out of the city when the gates were closed for the night and could not return home until morning.
AUTHOR AND YOU
- How does Shelley show the inherent goodness of Victor’s father? Shelley relates that Mr. Frankenstein desires no revenge against the murderer andbegs Victor not to have any either. He believes in the innocence of Justine, and is protective of Elizabeth in her grief.
- Clerval tries to comfort Victor by stating that William “can no longer be a subject for pity; we must reserve that for his miserable survivors.” How does Shelley use this to foreshadow future tragedy? Shelley states that the words stayed in Victor’s mind and he “remembered them afterwards in solitude.” This reflects a time in the future when those who are currently alive will need pity for the further tragedies brought on them by the creature that Victor created.
- How does Shelley use the prison priest to show contempt for organized religion (specifically the Roman Catholic Church)? Shelley describes the priest wringing an untrue confession from Justine by threatening her with eternal damnation by withholding the priestly office of absolution of her sins unless she confessed to the murder.
ON YOUR OWN
- Which is the greater wrong: telling a deliberate lie or withholding the truth? Are the consequences the same or different? What justification, if any, is there for doing either? Discuss your viewpoint using general examples or personal experiences. Student responses will vary.
About this Document
Using the QAR (Question-Answer-Relationship) method of questioning, readers will access all levels of thinking and critical analysis to comprehend and analyze Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein" (Chapters VII, VIII). Beginning with lower level factual questioning, readers will gradually move up into higher levels of thinking. Short answer, paragraph-writing, and essay-writing are used to complete these questions.