Project management is the process of planning, monitoring, and controlling a unique set of tasks that have a discrete beginning, end, and outcome. The project management process is performed within the three constraints of time, costs, and scope. The goal of project management is to produce a technically acceptable product that is both on-time and within budget. To do this, project management attempts to reduce the risks associated with the project and maximize the benefits, including profit and marketability. A number of tools and techniques are available to help the project manager monitor and control projects.