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Fate in Homer's Iliad
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- In Iliad, the fate is the result of unknown sources, being predicted by the fates since the beginnings of life. It can not be changed and avoiding it is a shameful act. The fate follows the characters everywhere, justifying their actions and being accepted as part of life. Blind and full of meaning in the same time, the fate is perceive in Iliad either as the will of Zeus, either as a force from the outside.
Fate in Homer's Iliad
- Talking about fate as about the only force that determines the human actions means to refer to a term that vexes and limits the human condition. The fate is given by the reaction of gods, but it is placed above people and gods.
- The gods participate to the human existence to help or to oppress them. The success doesn't depend on the individual value, but on the support provided by Immortals, without any justification. Zeus is presented as the incarnation of a supreme force, but with an arbitrary will, whose manifestations can't be predicted or avoided. The good and bad are related to criteria that have nothing to do with virtue or justice.
- The two Homeric poems Iliad and Odyssey are perfect mirrors of the Greek culture. For centuries they have fed the Greek spirit and remained models imitated by the art works and the everyday ones. Ulysses and Achilles, who dominate throw their extraordinary personality, are models of the Greek hero, Ulysses being presented as an Apollonian hero and Achilles as a Dionysian hero.
- The fate is present in Iliad as an answer to the existence and role of man, being responsible for his actions and decisions. It also determines the life of Gods, although they don't have a destiny and they can not be judged for the consequences of their acts, as they are immortals.
- "But once they reached the springs for the fourth time, Then Father Zeus held out his sacred golden scales: In them he placed two fates of death that lays men low - One for Achilles, one for Hector breaker of horses - And gripping the beam mid-haft the Father raised it high And down went Hector’s day of doom, dragging him down To the strong House of Death.” (Homer. The Iliad. Richmond Lattimore, translator. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1951) 22. 248-54)
- The Homeric epics are inspired by a series of mythical and historical events, known all around the world. Iliad narrates.
- In the Book 1, Thetis, the mother of Achilles, tells him: "Doomed to a short life, you have so little time. / and not only short, now, but filled with heartbreak too, / more than all other men alive - doomed twice over” (Homer. The Iliad. Richmond Lattimore, translator. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1951), 1. 496-98).
- The Trojan War was a military conflict from antiquity, between the city of Troy and Achaeans. According to Greek mythology, the war started because Paris, the prince of Troy kidnapped Elena, Menelaus' wife, the king of Sparta. This conflict is one of the most important events in the cycle of Greek myths, including the great Antique epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey, both written by Homer.
- The sky and the Earth are united by Zeus throw rain (Zeus ombrios, hyetios, ikma, ios), wind (Zeus urios, euanemos), thunder (Zeus astrapaios, bronton, keraunos), signs and oracles that transmit to the immortals from Erath the messages sent by the heavenly gods. The immortality, which is a precise boundary between humans and gods, in the eyes of Greeks, it represents an essential feature of Divine.
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In Iliad, the fate is the result of unknown sources, being predicted by the fates since the beginnings of life. It can not be changed and avoiding it is a shameful act. The fate follows the characters everywhere, justifying their actions and being accepted as part of life. Blind and full of meaning in the same time, the fate is perceive in Iliad either as the will of Zeus, either as a force from the outside.