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Elizabethan Era and Shakespeare Presentation in PDF - File 1 of 4
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Description of London:
- From Shakespeare, Anthony Burgess, 1978: ...The city meant roughly what we mean by the City of London--a crammed commercial huddle that smells the river. The Thames was everybody's thoroughfare. The Londoners of Chaucer's time had had difficulty bridging it; the Elizabethans had achieved only London Bridge. You crossed normally by boat-taxi, the boatmen calling 'Eastward-ho' and 'Westward-ho'. There was commerce on the river, but also gilded barges, sometimes with royalty in them. Chained to the banks there were sometimes criminals, who had to abide the washing of three tides. The river had to look on other emblems of the brutality of the age--the severed heads on Temple Bar and on London Bridge itself.
- The streets were narrow, cobbled, slippery with the slime of refuse. Houses were crammed together, and there were a lot of furtive alleys. Chamber pots, or jordans, were emptied out of windows. There was no drainage. Fleet Ditch stank to make a man throw up his gorge. But the City had its natural cleansers--the kites, graceful birds that made their nests of rags and refuse in the forks of trees. They scavenged, eating anything with relish. ... And countering the bad, man-made odors, the smells of the countryside floated in. There were rosy milkmaids in the early morning streets, and sellers of newly gathered cresses.
- It was a city of loud noises--hooves and raw coach wheels on the cobbles, the yells of traders, the brawling of apprentices, scuffles to keep the wall and not be thrown into the oozy kennel. Even normal conversation must have been loud since everybody was, by our standards, tipsy. Nobody drank water, and tea had not yet come in. Ale was the standard tipple, and it was strong. Ale for breakfast was a good means of starting the day in euphoria or truculence. Ale for dinner refocillated the wasted tissues of the morning. Ale for supper ensured a heavy snoring repose. The better sort drank wine, which promoted good fellowship and led to sword fights. It was not what we would call a sober city.
Games and Pastimes:
- Drinking may be done in taverns, ale houses, or tippling houses.
- Gambling is gaming (game-ing). Playing with dice is dicing. A good dice game is Hazard, rather like Craps.
- The word for backgammon is tables. The "acey-deucy" version is called the Corsican game. You can lose a good deal of money in a tabling den.
- Two good period card games are Primero and Taroccho (ta-RO-koh), played with tarot cards.
- A whore house or “stew” is also a bawdy house or a leaping house or a shugging den. A drab is a woman of low character or a prostitute. A punk is a whore who may work in a stew. Working girls in Southwark in the domain of the Bishop of Winchester are also called Winchester Geese. A drabber is someone who spends too much time with such women.
- Tennis is played indoors, sometimes for high stakes.
- Gossip and flirting take place everywhere.
- Tennis is popular. It's played indoors or in a high-walled outdoor court. (The grass court comes into use in 1591.)
- The ball is made of leather and stuffed with hair.
- In one version, there are no rackets; you hit the ball with the palm of your hand over a tasseled rope stretched across the center of the court.
- Other sports include bowls (lawn bowling) for which Henry VIII set up an alley at White Hall; shuttlecock (like badminton), archery, billiards, hunting and riding, wrestling, and political maneuvering.
Religions of the Times:
- Church of England, Protestantism official established state religion
- Puritanism Calvinist attitude within the Anglican Church
- Catholicism no legal way for Catholics to practice their faith after Anne Boelyn
- Calvinism emphasizes that man is incapable of adding anything from himselfto obtain salvation and that God alone is the initiator at everystage of salvation, including the formation of faith and everydecision to follow Christ.
About this Document
An history presentation of the English Renaissance with particular focus on the Tydor family and all of the trials and tribulations that they encountered. (My seniors LOVE the soap opera-like drama!) It also includes Shakespeare's history, the history of his writings, some fun activities to do in the middle of the presentation (Shakespearean insults, "quoting Shakespeare"), high-resolution images of his birth home, and a history of The Globe Theatre with HR images. For size reasons (includes high resolution images I took on vacation to England) this is a four-part upload. Look for - Elizabethan Era and Shakespeare Presentation in PDF - File 1 of 4 Elizabethan Era and Shakespeare Presentation in PDF - File 2 of 4 Elizabethan Era and Shakespeare Presentation in PDF - File 3 of 4 Elizabethan Era and Shakespeare Presentation in PDF - File 4 of 4 If you would like the original Keynote Presentation (for Mac), please message me. It can also be saved in PPT, Quicktime, .PNG, Flash, and iPod formats. Note: PPT conversion will slightly alter the layout of the presentation and may require editing.