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This article presents an overview of cooperative learning, an instructional technique developed to enhance academic achievement through social and interpersonal skill development. The central tenet of cooperative learning is that through interaction and dialogue with others around a topic of study, student achievement increases, attitudes toward learning improve, and students learn/retain more information than through other, more intrapersonal, instructional methodologies (i.e. teacher directed/lecture style formats). Research points to all of these positive effects as well as improved intergroup, interethnic and gender cooperation as well as increased self-esteem and confidence for all student populations including special needs, gifted and mainstream students. Although there are many cooperative learning strategies in K-12 education, the most common include STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Divisions), TGT (Teams-Games-Tournament), Jigsaw, Group Investigation, Know-Want to Know-Do-Learn K-W-D-L, CIRC (Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition), Learning Together, and Literature Circles.