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Celtic / Roman / Anglo Saxon Britain to Beowulf Presentation in PDF
Excerpt From this Document
The Dawn of Britain
- England hasn’t always been an island.
- The MEGA FLOOD
- The creation of the English Channel.
- England hasn’t always been an island.
- Sometime between 450,000 and 200,000 years ago, a megaflood destroyed the land bridge that joined what we now know to be England and France.
- This vast dumping of water dug out the English Channel.
Megaflood Created English Channel
- What’s the commonly accepted theory?
- Melting glaciers
- Increased pressure
- Peak of the flooding
- The next 100,000 years
- Photo and data from Natl. Geog. 2007
- The commonly accepted theory is that a small earthquake initially disturbed the chalk wall, causing the first weaknesses in the natural dam.
- As the glacier ice left over from the Ice Age melted over thousands of years, it continually built up pressure behind the natural chalk wall.
- Eventually, the pressure became too great and the waters too high, and the dam gave way.
- At the peak of the flooding, the flood would have discharged 264 million gallons of water per second at speeds of up to 62 mph!
- This would leave the island virtually uninhabited for over a hundred thousand years.
- ~Natl. Geog. 2007
So when do the people get there?
- Before the dam burst...
- About 120,000 years ago, Britain saw a warm spell.
- Climate problems
- Before the dam burst, there is archeological evidence of human existence in Britain as far back as 700,000 years ago! During the multiple Ice Ages, when glaciers began to take over the country, the people apparently migrated south to sunnier regions like modern-day Spain and France. Those who chose to stay behind were killed.
- About 120,000 years ago, Britain saw a warm spell, and many animals crossed the shallow waters from Europe to Britain looking for room to expand their growing herds. But people weren’t sailing boats at this time, and so there’s no evidence of humans despite the climate change.
- The problem is that when it gets warmer, and the ice starts to melt after an ice age, the water levels rise. This covers up the very low lands that actually, to this day, connect Britain to Europe underwater.
There are still no people?
- The last re-population cycle: 15,000 years ago
- Cold snap problems: 13,000 years ago
- Continuous settlement: 11,500 years ago
- One of the last repopulation cycles of Britain dates back to as recently as 15,000 years ago.
- However, Britain experienced a smaller, yet very severe, cold snap that happened about 13,000 years ago and drove out or killed Britain’s inhabitants of the time.
- So it wasn’t until about 11,500 years ago that the modern Britains as we know them started to cross over again, as some of the last remaining glaciers began to melt and Britain saw continuous settlement.
So how’d they get back?
- Here’s another way to look at it...
- This is what the hypothetical landscape of Doggerland looks like based on satellite images of the ocean floor.
- You can see that Doggerland literally connects the eastern coast of Britain to the western coast of Denmark.
About this Document
A Keynote Presentation I give during the first few weeks of school to my standard seniors regarding the history of the physical formation of Britain (literally how it became an island), the Celts, the Romans, the Anglo Saxons, etc., all the way up to William I, introducing Beowulf, and the conventions of an epic. It's a beast of a presentation! If you'd like the actual presentation files with all the moving parts, please message me and let me know the file type you'd like. As stated, it was created in Keynote (for Macs), but it can be saved as a PPT (with minor alterations to format for compatibility), a QuickTime movie, as .png images, as a Flash file, as an HTML file, or for iPods. Enjoy! PS - Look for a test on this material uploaded as the Celtic / Roman / Anglo Saxon Britain to Beowulf Test. There are two versions: one is short answer and the other is multiple choice. Answer Sheets and Answer Keys are also provided for each.