- Tenth century B.C.E.
The Jewish Temple of Solomon is constructed in Jerusalem.
- 63 B.C.E.
Jerusalem falls under the control of the Roman Empire.
- 70 C.E.
Romans destroy the Second Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.
Roman Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity.
- Fifth century
The breakup of the Roman Empire creates the Byzantine Empire in the East; Jerusalem falls into the hands of the Byzantines.
- c. 610
Muhammad experiences revelations that lead to the founding of Islam.
The death of Muhammad marks the beginning of a long period of Islamic civil war and separation of Islam into Sunni and Shiite sects.
The second Muslim caliph, Umar, captures the city of Jerusalem.
(The entire page is 752 words.)
Want to read the whole thing?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus, get access to:
- 30,000+ literature study guides
- Critical essays on more than 30,000 works of literature from Salem on Literature (exclusive to eNotes)
- An unparalleled literary criticism section. 40,000 full-length or excerpted essays.
- Content from leading academic publishers, all easily citable with our "Cite this page" button.
- 100% satisfaction guarantee READ MORE