A young black preacher named Martin Luther King Jr., took center stage in the civil rights movement when he led the movement to desegregate the city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955. In the wake of the boycott, King helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), a pacifist organization through which King mobilized thousands of demonstrators to voice black grievances. His broad appeal to both whites and blacks was based, in part, on his belief that well organized and executed nonviolence could be a potent weapon against racism, and that the racial divide could be...
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