ARCHBISHOP OF NEW YORK
The American Pope.
On 23 December 1945 Francis J. Spellman, archbishop of New York, was named cardinal by Pope Pius XII. The appointment represented the culmination of an extraordinary career within the Catholic Church and within American society. By 1945 Spellman was the leading Roman Catholic clergyman in the United States, the confidant of powerful political and business figures, and the spiritual leader of the largest Catholic archdiocese in America, His influence on American political affairs, both domestic and foreign, was considerable, leading critics to dub him "the American Pope."
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