Reason for Development.
The GI Bill of Rights was established for two main reasons. First, it was considered appropriate to compensate veterans of World War II for their services and sacrifices. Second, it was absolutely necessary to reintegrate military personnel into the civilian economy. Even before servicemen had been sent to Europe and the Pacific during the war, it became obvious that some plan would have to be developed to absorb the sixteen million veterans after the war was over. Thus, the seventy-eighth U.S. Congress enacted the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, or the GI Bill of Rights, which President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law in June.
Originally Congress desired simply to reward each veteran with a bonus payment, but a more ambitious plan emerged from debate: the establishment of a program to help veterans help themselves. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act provided for tuition,...
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